Author: Paolo Bray

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Five Best Sustainable Farming Practices By Paolo Bray

  in Gardening | Published 2020-01-14 06:04:08 | 37 Reads | Unrated


Sustainable farming may appear an enigmatic task to people who use conventional methods for farming. But once they will start understanding the sustainable farming practices, the whole process may feel less daunting to them.

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Sustainable farming not only helps in taking care of the land but also considers the social and economic aspects of farming. A large number of farming practices are used to keep the land healthy. Here we are discussing the top five practices.

1. Agro-sylviculture

Agro-sylviculture or agroforestry is the practice of growing trees and shrubs along with crops and pasture land. The planted trees help in reducing the temperature on the field and assists in conserving the land by preventing soil erosion.

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Mostly those trees are planted in agroforestry which helps in improving nitrogen in the soil. This technique not only improves the health of the soil but also provide another revenue stream to the farmers.

Some studies suggest that agroforestry helps in attracting wildlife birds to the cultivated land. Hence, agroforestry covers the social, economic and ecological side altogether.

2. Composting

It is the process of depositing and managing the organic matter, so that the bacteria work on it and break it down into the organic matter. A partially decayed organic matter called humus is produced in composting. This organic matter brings the essential nutrients back to the soil and enriches the soil. Quality compost can reduce the use of pesticides and fertilizers in the farmland.

There are broadly two types of composting, pile composting and worm composting. In pile composting, organic matter that is easily found in home and yard is used while in worm composting, food and paper waste is used. Both methods have their own merits but one should use that type of compositor that suits their requirements and the capabilities. 

3. Mulching

Mulching is the process of covering the soil from straw, grass, stones and other materials to protect it from retaining the moisture. This process is used to lessen dissipation to hold down weeds. The suppressed weed growth further lowers the labor cost and makes a more favorable condition for plant growth. 

Although there are many benefits of using the mulching technique how the mulch will perform depends upon the type of materials used. Organic mulch such as leaves decay with time and enrich the soil and encourages earthworms. The actual results, however, can vary depends upon the type of organic material used. Inorganic mulch is more permanent then organic but delivers little benefits to the soil.

4. Precision agriculture

Precision agriculture is another significant technique used in sustainable farming. In precision agriculture, the latest techniques such as drones and sensors are used to make the farming system more efficient. This technique helps the farmers use the water and the chemical fertilizers more wisely. 

Conserving inputs like water helps the environment and decrease the overall cost over time. While precision agriculture delivers a lot of benefits, it has some drawbacks too. This is a costly practice and takes time to learn.

5. Rewilding

In rewilding the natural process and local vegetation is allowed to take over a part of the property. This is not focus on design but made to embrace the wilderness. This process improves the natural health of the soil and can play a key role in promoting the sowing of native seeds. Unlike precision agriculture, this is inexpensive and does not require any particular machinery.


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About the Author

Paolo Bray is a reliable name associated with the Friend of the Earth. It promotes sustainable agriculture and Farming Methods through their certification & by awarding consumers in Italy and all over the world. The Friend of the Earth certification scheme for sustainable agriculture & farming was the first initiative by Paolo Bray, founder, and director of the world sustainability organization & developed according to SAFA (Sustainability Assessment of Food and Agriculture systems) guidelines issued by the FAO (United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization).

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